Open source refers to any program whose source code is made available for use or modification as users or other developers see fit. Open source software is usually developed as a public collaboration and made freely available (Rouse, 2009).
The principles of these idea are written in “The Open Source Definition”, which is a document published by the Open Source Initiative, to determine whether a software license can be labeled with the open-source certification mark. The definition was based on the Debian Free Software Guidelines, written and adapted primarily by Bruce Perens with input from Eric S. Raymond and others (Wikipedia, n.d.).
Linux is the best-known and most-used open source operating system. As an operating system, Linux is software that sits underneath all of the other software on a computer, receiving requests from those programs and relaying these requests to the computer’s hardware (opensource.com, n.d.).
The Linux Foundation
OpenSource.com (n.d.). What is Linux. opensource.com. Retrieved from: https://opensource.com/resources/what-is-linux
Rouse, M. (May 2009). Open Source. Tech Target. Retrieved from: http://searchenterpriselinux.techtarget.com/definition/open-source
Wikipedia (n.d.). The Open Source Definition. Wikipedia. Retrieved from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Open_Source_Definition